Ελλάδα

????: http://www.lib.utexas.edu/

????: http://www.lib.utexas.edu/

????????? ??? ?????????

• ?????????: ????? ??????, herpes ???????? ??? ?? ??????, ?? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????.
• ??????: ??????? ?????? 1.228 ??????????? (282 ??? ?? ??? ???????, 494 ??? ?? ?? ?????????, 206 ??? ?? ??? ???????, 246 ??? ?? ??? ??? ??????????), 13.676 ?????????? ???????????
• ?????????: 10.772.967 (???????? ???? 2013)
• ??????? ?????????: 61% ??? ????????? ????????? (2010), ?????? ?????????????: 0,6% ??????? (???. 2010-15)
• ??????? ??????: ?????  3.252.000, ??????????? 834.000 (2009)
• ?????? ??????? ?????????????: 2,32 ?????????? (s) / 1000 ????????? (???. 2012)
(????: CIA World Factbook)

 

???????? ?????????

• ????? ??????????: ??????????????? ??????????
• ???????????: 1830 (??? ??? ????????? ????????????)
• ????????: 11 ??????? ??? 1975. ?????????????: ??????? 1986, ???????? 2001, ????? 2008
• ?????? ???????: ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ??????
• ??????? ???????: ???????? ??????? ????????? (??? ??? 12 ??????? 2005)
• ?????????? ??? ??????????: ???????????? ??????? ??????? (??? ??? 20 ??????? 2012)
(????: CIA World Factbook)

 

?????? ?????????????? ??? ?????? ??? ????????????? ???? ??? ??????

? ??????, ???? ??? ?? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ???????, ???????????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ??????????. ? ?????????? ??? ???? ?????? ???????????? ??????????, ????? ? ???? ????????? ??? ?????????????? ???? ??? ?????????? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ????????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????????? ? ?????????(???????, ???????, ????). ? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ??????????? ?????????????? ?????? ?????? ??????????, ???? ??? ????????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ???????? ???????? ????????, ????? ?? ??????? ??? ??????????????? ??? ????? ???????????, ???? ? ?????????, ?? ?????????? ??? ? ???????, ? ?? ???????? ????????, ???? ?? ????????? ?????????, ????????????, ???.

? ????????? ??? ??????? ?? ????????? ?????????????? ????????? ???? ????? ??? ????????? ??? 1990, ?????????????? ???? ????? ???? ??? ?? ??????? ??????????????? ????????, ?? ??? ?? ???????? ??? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ???????. ? ???????? ?????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ??? ????????? ??????????? ?? ???????????? ???? ????????? ??? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ?????????, ?? ???????? ??? ????????? ??? ???????, ??? ?? ??????????? ??????? ????????? ?? ???????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ???????? ??????????. ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ???????????? ??? ???????????? ??? ?? 1991 ???? ?????????? ????????????, ?? ??? ???’??? ?? ???????? ??? 1990 ?????? ???? ??????? ????? ??????? ????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ????? ??????, ???? ??? ?????????????? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ????????.

??? ????? ????????? ????????????? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ???????? ???? ?????????? ??????????? ?? 1997 ??????????? ?????? ??????? 371.640 ????????, ?? ??? ?? ???????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ?? ??????? ??????, ??? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ????????? ???? ?????. ? ????? 2910/2001 ????????? ??? ??????? ????????? ?????????????, ???? ?? ????? ??????????? ?????? 230.000 ?????? ???????? ??? ??????? ??????? 270.000 ????????. ? ????? 3386/2005 ?????????? ?? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ??? ??????????????? ??????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ????? ????????? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????, ???? ??? ????? ????????? ??????? 96.000 ???? ??????. ????? ??? ??? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ????????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? 2007, ?????? ?????????? ????????? ??? ???? ?????????? ??? ????. ?? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ?????????????, ?? ?????????? ??? ????????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???????? ?? ??????????, ??? 400.000 ?? 2000 ?? ??????? 300.000 (???” ??????? ????) ?? 2004 ??? ????????????? ?????? 172.000 – 280.000 ?? 2007 (Maroukis 2012).

??? ??????, ? ?????????? ??? ??????? ????????? ??? ????????????? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ??????, ????? ??? ? ?????????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ???? ????????? ?????????, ????? ?? ?????????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ??? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ??????? ????? ??? ??????????  ????????? ??? 2000, ????????? ??? ?? ????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ????????, ? ????????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ????????? ?? ????, ??????????? ?? ??????? 350.000 ????? ?? 2010 ??? ?????? 400.000 to 2011 (o.p.). ???? ??? 2009-2010 ? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??? ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ???? ???? ??? ?? (??? ????????? ?? ??????????? ??? 80%), ?? ??? ?? ????????? ???????? (2012-2013) ? ??? ??????????? ??????? ????????. ??????????, ????, ?? ?????????? ??? ????????????? ? ???????? ????????? ??? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ?????????????? ??????????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????????? ?? ????????? ???????, ??????????????????? ??? ?????????? ???? ????????? ????????? ??? ??????????? ?? ?????????? ?.?. ??? ???????? ??? ??? ????????????? ????????? ???? ?? ?????????? ??? ????? ???????? ???? ???? ????????? ???????????? ??? ???????????? ??????? ???????. ??????????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ???? ???????? ???? ???????? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ????????? ???????, ? ????????? ??????? ??? ?????? ????????? ?? ???? ?? ????????? ??? 2012 ???? 440,118, ??????? 27% ??????????? ??? ??? ?? ????????? ??? 2009.

 

Selected bibliography

Baldwin-Edwards, M. (2008) “Immigrants in Greece: characteristics and issues of regional distribution”, Mediterranean Migration Observatory Working Paper Series, W.P. n.10, Athens: Panteion University.

Cavounidis, J. (2006) “Labor market impact of migration: employment structures and the case of Greece”, International Migration Review, 40 (3): 635–60.

EMN (2012) Practical issues for reducing irregular migration. Greece report. European Migration Network.

Fakiolas, R. (2003) “Regularising undocumented immigrants in Greece: procedures and effects”, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 29 (3): 535-561.

Glytsos, Nicholas, P. (2005) “Stepping from Illegality to Legality and Advancing towards Integration: The Case of Immigrants in Greece”, International Migration Review, 39: 819-840.

Kasimis, Ch. and Papadopoulos, A.G. (2005) “The Multifunctional Role of Migrants in Greek Countryside: Implications for Rural Economy and Society”, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 31 (1): 99-127.

Lambrianidis, L. and Lyberaki, A. (2001) Albanian immigrants in Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki: Paratiritis

Lianos, T, Kanellopoulos, K., Gregou, M., Gemi, E. and Papakonstantinou, P. (2008), An estimattion of the volume of aliens residing illegally in Greece, Athens: IMEPO.

Maroukis T, Iglicka K, Gmaj K. (2011) “Irregular migration and informal economy in Southern and Central-Eastern Europe: breaking the vicious cycle?”, International Migration, 49 (5):129-156.

Maroukis, Th. (2012) “Update report Greece: The number of irregular migrants in Greece at the end of 2010 and 2011”, Database on Irregular Migration, Update report.

Maroukis. Th. (2008) “Country report: Greece”. Report prepared for the project CLANDESTINO Undocumented Migration: counting the uncountable – data and trends across Europe, EU 6thh Framework Programme.

Marvakis, A., Parsanoglou, D. and Pavlou, M. eds (2001), Migrants in Greece. Athens: Ellinika Grammata

Psimmenos, I. (1995) Immigration from the Balkans: Social Exclusion in Athens. Athens: Glory Book – Papazisis.

Sarris, A. and Zografakis, S. (1999) “A computable general equilibrium assessment of the impact of illegal immigration on the Greek economy”, Journal of Population Economics, 12: 155-182.

Triandafyllidou, A. and Ambrosini, M. (2011) “Irregular migration control in Italy and Greece: strong fencing and weak gate-keeping strategies serving the labour market”, European Journal of Migration and Law, 13: 251-273.

Triandafyllidou, A. and Maroukis, Th, (2010) Migration in 21st century Greece. Athens: Kritiki.

Triandafyllidou, A. and Maroukis, Th. (2008) “The Case of the Greek Islands: The Challenge of Migration at the EU’s Southeastern Sea Borders”, Documentos CIDOB, Serie: Migraciones, n. 17. Immigration Flows and the Management of the EU’s Southern Maritime Borders. Barcelona: CIDOB, pp. 63-82.