Conceptual Framework

Related Programmes and Projects

Irregular migration in the media


Professor Anna Triandafyllidou Principal Investigator
triadafyllidouAnna Triandafyllidou is Professor and Director of a Programme on Cultural Diversity in a Globalised World at the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies of the European University Institute, cheap in Florence, for sale Italy (2012- ). She is also Senior Fellow at the Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP) in Athens since 2004 (on a full time basis until 2010) and teaches as Visiting Professor at the College of Europe in Bruges since 2002. Anna Triandafyllidou has received her BA in sociology from Panteion University in Athens, sickness Greece (1990) and her PhD in the Social and Political Sciences from the European University Institute of Florence (1995). She has held teaching and research positions at the University of Surrey (1994-95), London School of Economics (1995-97), Consiglio Nazionale per le Ricerche in Rome (1997-99), New York University (2001), Bristol University (2001-02) and European University Institute of Florence (1992-1994 and 1999-2004). She has been Assistant Professor at the Democritus University of Thrace between 2007 and 2010 and is currently on unpaid long-term leave from this University. She has been part time Professor at the RSCAS of the European University in the period 2009-2012. She has published more than 100 articles in refereed journals and chapters in collective volumes on these topics. She has authored five books and edited and co-edited 15 volumes. Her recent books include: Muslims in 21st Century Europe (2010, ed. Routledge), Irregular Migration in Europe: Myths and Realities (2010, ed. Ashgate), European Multiculturalism(s) (with T. Modood and N. Meer, 2011, eds. Edinburgh University Press), Migrant Smuggling. Irregular Migration from Africa and Asia to Europe (with T. Maroukis, 2012, Palgrave); Irregular Migrant Domestic Workers in Europe: Who Cares? (2013, ed. Ashgate); Circular Migration between Europe and its Neighbourhood. Choice or Necessity? (2013, ed. Oxford University Press); The Greek Crisis and Modernity in Europe (with R. Gropas and H. Kouki, eds, Palgrave, 2013); What is Europe? (with R. Gropas, 2013, Palgrave). For more details on her work please visit:
Dr Panos Hatziprokopiou Assistant Coordinator
Panos Hatziprokopiou (born 1974) teaches at the Department of Spatial Planning and Development, Aristotle University of Thesaloniki. Since October 2012, he works as a Research Fellow at the Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP) in Athens. Panos received his BA in Economics from the University of Macedonia in Thessaloniki, Greece (1998), an MA in Social and Economic Development from the University of Essex (UK) and a PhD in Contemporary European Studies (migration) from Sussex University (UK). He has previously been a Research Fellow at Middlesex University (2004-09) and the University of Surrey (20010-11) in Britain. His main areas of research are migration, especially with respect to immigrants’ incorporation, labour market integration and entrepreneurship, as well as urban sociology and geography, with a particular focus on diversity and otherness in the contemporary metropolis. His research experience and expertise cover Greece, Britain, Southern Europe and the Balkans. He has published several articles on aspects of the above topics in refereed journals and chapters in edited volumes, including the books: Globalisation, migration and socio-economic change in contemporary Greece (2006, Amsterdam University Press).
Dr Angeliki Dimitriadi Post-doctoral (Researcher Research on the case of Afghanistan)
Dr Angeliki DimitriadiAngeliki Dimitriadi studied International Relations &History at the London School of Economics (1999-2002) and obtained her MA in War Studies from King’s College London (2002-2003). She was awarded with distinction her Ph.D. in Social Administration from Democritus University of Thrace (2009-2012), which was partially realized with a scholarship from the Leventis Foundation. Her research interests lie in the field of irregular & transit migration from South and Southeast Asia, the securitization of migration and asylum policies, as well as gender issues &social inclusion. She has contributed in researches and studies on social policy issues and has previously worked on the submission and management of European funded projects and initiatives. She speaks English and French.
Ms Kleopatra Yousef Pre-doctoral (Researcher Research on the case of Pakistan)
KleopatraKleopatra Yousef works as a Junior Research Fellow at the Hellenic Foundation for European & Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP) in Athens. She is involved in the research project on Governance of Irregular Migration (IRMA) focusing on Pakistani irregular migration to Greece and in the research project Developing a cooperation network to link representatives of Mediterranean member states facing similar challenges as Greece in respect to the integration of third country nationals. She has graduated from the Social Administration Department of the Democritus University of Thrace in Athens and holds a Master of Science degree on the subject of “European Politics and Policies” from the Department of Social and Political Sciences of the Katholieke Universiteit of Leuven (KUL), Belgium (2005). Her research experience includes the Middle-East, North Africa and wide Euro-Mediterranean area focusing on issues such as integration of third-country nationals and community development. (EuropeAid project on “Bridging the Gap: Building Community Empowerment and Sustainable Development in Southern Giza Marginal Communities”). She has also looked into human smuggling in Greece as part of a UNODC project on human smuggling in  Northern Africa.
Ms Eda Gemi Pre-doctoral Researcher (Research on the case of Albania)
Eda GemiEda Gemi is a Research Fellow at the ELIAMEP and PhD candidate at the Institute for Migration and Diaspora Studies, Department of Political Sciences and Public Administration, University of Athens. She was a research assistant at the European University Institute, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, inFlorence,Italyin 2010-2012. Her main areas of research are: social and political integration of migrants, migration and integration policies, circular migration, media and gender of migration. In the framework of her research activity, she has collaborated with academic and research institutions such as Aegean University (domestic work and migrant women), EUI (METOIKOS & MEDIVA projects), ELIAMEP (MOVEACT & POLITIS projects), University of Sussex (Gender & Remittances project), Harokopeio University of Athens (Data collection for Immigrant Associations), IMEPO, Center for Gender Studies of Panteio University, Research Center for Gender Equality – KETHI, Centre for European Constitutional Law, EKEME, Economic University of Athens and Institute for Migration and Diaspora Studies of University of Athens.
Ms Michaela Maroufof Pre-doctoral (Researcher Research on the case of Georgia)
Michaela MaroufofMichaela Maroufof graduated from the department of Political Science and History of Panteion University in Athens in 2005. She holds an M. Sc. in Sociology following the track of Migration and Ethnic Studies (2006) from the Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences of the University of Amsterdam and the topic of her Master’s thesis was the integration of the repatriates from the former Soviet Union into the Greek society. She is a Junior Research Fellow at  ELIAMEP (Hellenic Foundation of European and Foreign Policy) and since 2007 she has been involved in a number of international research projects including IDEA (Mediterranean and Eastern European Countries as new immigration destinations in the European Union), FRIM (Fundamental Rights Situation of Irregular Migrants in the European Union) and MOVEACT (All Citizens Now: Intra-EU Mobility and Political Participation of English, Germans, Poles and Romanians in Western and Southern Europe).
Ms Marina Nikolova Pre-doctoral (Researcher Research on the case of Ukraine)
Marina NikolovaMarina Nikolova has graduated from the Faculty of Journalism and Mass Media Communications of the Aristotle University (Thessaloniki) in 2004 and has been awarded a Master’s degree in Cultural studies from the Panteion University (Athens) in 2006. She is working as a Junior Research Fellow at ELIAMEP (Athens). Since 2010 she is assistant national coordinator for the European Web Site on Integration coordinated by the Migration Policy Group (MPG) in Brussels and sponsored by the European Commission. Since 2007, Marina Nikolova has been involved in several European research projects: “Treatment of Third Country Nationals at EU’s External Borders” commissioned by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) and coordinated by the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) (2011-2012); FRIM – Fundamental Rights Situation of Irregular Immigrants in the European Union conducted by FRA and ICMPD (2010); IDEA – Mediterranean and Eastern European Countries as New Migration Destinations (2007-2009). She has relevant to the research publications.

Ms Nina Papaioannou Administrative coordinator, Webmaster and events and dissemination assistant
Concept Paper: Governing Irregular Migration: States, salve Migrants and Intermediaries at the Age of Globalisation

The IRMA project is informed by the wider theoretical framework of globalisation studies which point to the erosion of the sovereignty and independence of the nation state. Globalisation is a multi-faceted and multi-level phenomenon: economically it involves the elimination of countries’ trade boundaries and the development of global multinational corporations. At the cultural level it signifies to a large extent the spread of a borderless and boundless consumerism. However this also creates opposed movements of return to local cultures and local economies. At the social level, cheapest
globalisation involves a sense that politics and democracy are increasingly less relevant as global market forces seem to take the lead. At the same time the volatility of the global economy creates a crisis of legitimacy for the neo-liberal policies that advocate stripping away the protections that nation states used to provide to their citizens in the name of an unstoppable global model of development (George and Wilding 2002; Holton 2005, Milliot and Tournois 2010).

Migration is deeply affected by globalisation as the lifestyles, consumer habits, sense of relative deprivation as well as systems of production and politics of developing countries are shaped by the forces of social, political and economic globalisation. People become more aware of the better prospects that potentially await them in developed countries. Information travels faster than before, and means to get connected through IT as well as means of transport are also cheaper and faster. The erosion of national boundaries create also more space and scope for local or transnational actors to be involved in irregular migration whether as local or transnational smuggling networks, or as local NGOs or international organisations.

Globalisation has been the buzzword of the last three decades, so widely used by such a wide range of actors that it often remains too vague and elusive to translate into meaningful content. On the other hand, migration is lately discussed in relation to globalisation; yet, little empirical evidence to date clarifies precisely the relationship between the two (King 1995; Castles 2000; Urzua 2000; Tapinos 2000; Stalker 2000; Papastergiadis 2000; Koser 2007; Castles and Miller 2009; Solimano 2010). It is therefore necessary to begin by offering some conceptual definitions of globalisation and exploring its links with international migration.

The paper is available for download here.